DAMALS 02/2022 Tito – partisan, charismatic, dictator – wissenschaft.de

When civil war broke out in Yugoslavia in 1991, the region once again lived up to its reputation as Europe’s powder keg. The decades of peace under Tito’s rule (1945-1980) were almost forgotten. Josip Broz, his real name, became a legendary figure in the Second World War through the successful partisan fight against the German occupiers. Already during the war he founded a new Yugoslavia and placed himself at its head. After the end of the war he emancipated himself from Stalin and developed his own form of socialism. He later led the Non-Aligned Movement.

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Josip Broz, who would later call himself Tito, grew up in poor conditions in Croatia. Then in the 1930s he made a career for himself in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia…. more

Through his successful military resistance against the German and Italian occupiers, Josip Broz became a Yugoslav heroic figure. Tito converted his popularity into political power. After the end of the war he even dared to break with Stalin…. more

After the end of the war, Tito was already the undisputed power figure in Yugoslavia. He prescribed the country its own form of socialism. In contrast to the socialist neighboring states, the cult surrounding his person was more than pure propaganda…. more

Tito masterfully understood how to turn Yugoslavia’s actually precarious position between the blocs of the Cold War into a strategic advantage. In 1961 he made a name for himself as the initiator of the Non-Aligned Movement…. more

Tito’s multi-ethnic state of Yugoslavia, which collapsed in a civil war 30 years ago, was an attempt to reconcile communism with nationalism and central government with federalism. The model was too beautiful to exist in reality…. more


On February 4, 1972, the Federal Republic of Germany recognized the independence of Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan, from West Pakistan. Civil war-like conditions preceded the detachment. But because India militarily took sides with East Pakistan and the major powers were defending their interests… more

A rarity: The diaries of two simple soldiers from the Napoleonic Wars offer exciting insights into everyday wartime “from below”…. more

The Jewish fashion designers in Berlin had an international reputation. In 1938 the ready-made clothing stores were “Aryanized” one after the other, their owners victims of the National Socialists…. more

Shortly after the outbreak of World War I, a group of men left Germany on a daring mission. Their destination: Afghanistan, more than 6000 kilometers away. Your mission: You should persuade the Afghan Emir to enter the war on Germany’s side against Great Britain. This… more

After the devastation of Athens by the Persians, the rubble on the Acropolis served as a memorial for a long time. When the Persian danger was averted, Pericles had a new temple built that would amaze everyone: the Parthenon…. more

In 2011, the Bibliothèque Humaniste in Sélestat (formerly Schlettstadt, Alsace) was declared a World Document Heritage by UNESCO. This museum is all about medieval manuscripts, early book printing and the humanist Beatus Rhenanus…. more

At the beginning of the 13th century, Konrad von Eberbach wrote a history of the Cistercians. With the work, he wanted to help the order regain its former glory around 100 years after it was founded…. more

Reference-www.wissenschaft.de

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