5 Crater Impact From Asteroid Collision That Nearly Destroyed Earth : Okezone Travel – Archyde

JAKARTA – collision Asteroid is one of the most destructive forces in the solar system.

Asteroid impacts had destroyed most life on Earth, back in the time of the dinosaurs. However, the deadly asteroid collision may have spawned the seeds of life shortly after Earth’s birth.

The effects of that asteroid impact lasted billions of years and are visible today.

Here is 5 huge crater from known asteroid collisions on Earth, quoted from Live Science:

1. Vredefort Crater

Vredefort Crater is the oldest and largest asteroid impact crater on Earth. Scientists estimate that this crater in South Africa is 300 kilometers long. This crater is the result of an asteroid impact larger than Table Mountain in South Africa that created a huge crater 2.2 billion years ago.

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2. Sudbury-Krater

Sudbury Crater is located in Ontario, Canada with a width of 130 km which is the result of an asteroid impact 1.85 billion years ago. Based on the results of rock fragments found 800 kilometers away in Minnesota, the size of this crater initially spanned an area of ​​260 kilometers.

3. Chicxulub-Krater

Chicxulub Crater is considered evidence of an asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. Thin layers of exotic iridium metal from meteorite impacts were discovered around the world in Cretaceous mass extinctions before Chicxulub was discovered.

Today, the meteorite that carved Chicxulub Crater on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula is widely believed to have caused or contributed significantly to the Late Cretaceous mass extinction event 65 million years ago, including the end of the dinosaurs. Some scientists estimate that the original Chicxulub Crater may be larger than Sudbury Crater in Ontario. Estimates of its original diameter ranged up to 240 kilometers across and its current size is 150 kilometers.

4. Kawa Popigai

A rare find in Russia’s Popigai crater: diamonds. About 35 million years ago, a meteorite struck a carbon-rich graphite rock deposit in Siberia. The tremendous pressure and temperature turned the carbon in the region into diamond. The crater is 100 kilometers wide and, according to the Russian government, holds huge diamond reserves.

5. Manicouagan Crater

Manicouagan Crater in Quebec is one of the largest and best preserved craters on earth. The 100 km wide crater is about 214 million years old.


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