Is considered the successor to the Hubble Space Telescope, this observatory is the result of a collaboration between the NASA, one European space agency (ESA) of Canadian Space Agency (CSA), e will help to deepen the knowledge of the origins of the universeas it will be able to capture infrared light from the youngest galaxies and the first stars.
What is your mission
James Webb it will succeed the legendary Hubble and become the next major space exploration observatory. It was designed to make revolutionary discoveries in all areas of astronomy, however Your main task will be to study the early universe and provide answers to some important astrophysical questions, such as the formation of the first galaxies, its evolution, the workings of dark matter, dark energy, among others. In this sense, will provide invaluable data on the solar system and about the formation and development of stars, planets and galaxies.
It can also help to identify if life exists beyond planet earthas his scientific instruments allow him to precisely analyze the atmospheres of exoplanets and look for molecules and biomarkers that can only be the result of organic activity.
The James Webb will travel to (due to its solar array that generates electricity and gives it the ability to orientate itself and “fly” in space) to second Lagrange point (L2), a 1.5 million km out of orbit around the sun, where it can be kept at a cool, stable temperature for observation of infrared light.
It should take a month to reach its L2 orbit. During the journey, the telescope is set up, cooled down to its operating temperature and Your systems will adapt.
Once in place, the device connection and checkout process will take several months. Total no, If everything goes right, it will take six months from launch to see the first images captured by James Webb.
The main objectives of this telescope
- The James Webb Space Telescope will examine the early universe and look for traces of early stars and galaxies. With its technology, it will be able to see objects 100 to 200 million years after the Big Bang.
- A specific goal of your mission will be: understand how galaxies and black holes form and evolve.
- It will also study the life cycle of stars, from birth to death.
- James Webb was also designed to study the formation and evolution of planetary systems, including our solar system, especially the more peripheral planets.
- In this line, will study exoplanets with its optical instruments, their atmospheres, and all the life markings on them.
James Webb will be able to study several things that would be almost impossible even today, such as black holes. This should contribute to a deeper knowledge of our universe.
What does it mean to work in infrared?
Infrared observation will enable the James Webb Telescope to access hidden parts of the solar system, take a look at the clouds of dust that form stellar and planetary nurseries, examine the chemical composition of the atmospheres of exoplanets, and look even further into the past to see the first galaxies that formed in the early universe.