At that time 01/2022 women in the Nazi regime – about perpetrators, followers and resistance women –

In assessing the role of women in the Nazi regime, National Socialist propaganda continued well into the post-war period. In accordance with the limited room for maneuver that Nazi ideology gave women, they were also seen in a secondary role in coming to terms with the reign of terror. Recent research contradicts this. Women also held important functions in Nazi organizations, they were involved in the Holocaust as concentration camp guards – or they actively decided to resist Hitler.

Articles in this issue

The ideology of National Socialism assigned women a narrowly limited role as wives and mothers. On closer inspection, this has little to do with the reality of the regime that required women in many functions. And they looked for and used their possibilities … more

Brigitte Penkert spent large parts of the war on the Eastern Front as a nurse. She devoted herself self-sacrificingly to her patients – at the same time she looked down with contempt at supposedly “inferior” people …. more

To this day, the question of the extent to which German women participated in the policies of persecution and extermination under National Socialism has by no means been answered. For a long time, their role – both in research and in German case law – was dismissed as being of secondary importance …. more

The concentration camp guard Irma Grese is one of the most prominent perpetrators of the Nazi era. In September 1945 she had to answer for her deeds before a British military tribunal …. more

With the beginning of the Second World War, the demand for female workers rose by leaps and bounds. Hundreds of thousands of mostly young women did military service or took on tasks in the Reich Air Protection Association. Convinced National Socialists were committed to “racial hygiene” … more

Together with her husband Otto, Elise Hampel resisted National Socialism by putting out postcards calling for the overthrow of the regime. They were executed for this. In principle there was no difference between male and female resistance – only the … more

At risk of death, Antje Kind-Hasenclever helped hidden Jews during the Nazi era. She was a member of several resistance groups … more

When young people took to the streets in many places in the 1960s and challenged “the system”, new life plans emerged. In 1967, “Kommune 1” was founded in West Berlin, and its members saw living in a shared apartment as a political statement. With her provocative … more

Natural disasters also occurred frequently in ancient times. What role did the Roman rulers play in helping the affected communities? … more

Soviet prisoners of war were particularly badly treated during World War II. One of the fate of many is that of Tamurbek Dawletschin …. more

His parks became the highlights of landscape design in the 19th century, his trip to the Orient took him to little-known countries, his books made him a successful writer … more

In the Mecklenburg town of Carwitz bei Feldberg, the author Hans Fallada (1893–1947) lived with his family from 1933 to 1944. The years in the Haus am See, now a museum, were productive and sometimes happy – a blessing for those plagued by drug addiction and psychological instability …. more

The Castilian nobleman Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (around 1045-1099) went down in history as the national hero “El Cid” who defended Christian Spain against the Moorish Muslims. But the supposed hero of the “Reconquista” acted like a typical mercenary leader of his … more

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