Federal Finance Minister Olaf Scholz is following in Angela Merkel’s long footsteps.
Updated less than 50 minutes ago
Social Democrats, Greens and FDP have agreed on a new government in Germany and will present a new German government platform on Wednesday afternoon.
It is now also certain that the Social Democrats’ candidate for Chancellor, Finance Minister Olaf Scholz, will take over the office of Prime Minister.
The social democratic SPD became the strongest party in the federal election and has been negotiating with the Greens and the market-liberal party Fridemokratse (FDP) about the formation of a majority government since September 26th.
According to Scholz, the negotiations were conducted in a “friendly but intense atmosphere”, writes the author AP.
– An atmosphere full of trust.
Scholz succeeds Angela Merkel, who has been Federal Chancellor since 2005.
Even if the decision is made now, there has long been the prospect that the finance minister should take the levers in hand: Even before the election, German election forecasts indicated that Scholz was best positioned as the new chancellor. He stayed in September too Congratulations of the Norwegian Prime Minister Jonas Gahr Støre for the strong election result.
The traffic light coalition
The cooperation of the three parties is known as a traffic light coalition, since there is talk of a red, a green and a yellow party. There are major political differences, especially between the Greens and the liberal FDP, writes NTB.
The Greens will head the climate and foreign ministries, the Free Democrats the finance ministry. According to AFP, FDP leader Christian Lindner is expected to be finance minister, Annalena Baerbock, one of the two group leaders of the Greens, will be Germany’s first female foreign minister.
Her co-chair, Robert Habeck, will head a new climate ministry.
Coal phase-out by 2030
It is clear that the FDP’s demand not to increase taxes or government spending was met, while the Greens and the SPD received support for extensive climate initiatives. The parties also agree that the coal phase-out should take place by 2030, eight years earlier than originally planned. Germany is heavily dependent on coal, which covers around a third of the country’s energy needs.
In addition, the parties advocate the legalization of cannabis in regulated forms. According to the NTB, both promises are seen as victories for the Greens, who have made great strides in the election.
The coalition has agreed, among other things, to increase freight traffic by 25 percent and to get at least 15 million electric cars on the road by 2030 Points Among other things, the new government agreement provides for 400,000 new apartments to be built annually in order to combat the housing crisis, lower the age limit for the right to vote to 16 years and create a points-based immigration system for qualified workers.
Close to the record
Scholz has been Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister since 2018 and is expected to succeed Angela Merkel on December 6th. Until then, the coalition agreement must be voted on by all members of the Greens and approved by the federal assemblies of the other two parties.
In this case, Merkel will miss the record as the country’s longest-serving Prime Minister by a few days.
So far, the record has been held by Helmut Kohl. He led Germany as Prime Minister from 1982 to 1998 and was behind German reunification when the former GDR entered the Federal Republic in 1990.
The news of the agreement of the three parties came at the same time as Merkel’s probably last government meeting. On this occasion Scholz presented the outgoing Chancellor with a bouquet of flowers.
Government negotiations began on October 21. If Scholz is officially installed as planned, they’ll have spent 73 days forming a new government. After the 2017 election, it took 171 days for Merkel to form a new government because one of the parties withdrew from the negotiations
The SPD was the largest in the Bundestag election with 25.7 percent of the vote. Angela Merkel’s conservative party fell sharply and came in second with 24.1 percent. In third place came the Greens with 14.8 percent. According to the NTB, the FDP took fourth place with 11.5 percent.
Merkel did not seek re-election, and the party is now trying to find a new party leader and to rise again after its worst election result ever.