According to the gastronomic calendar, November 23 is marked as the World Cashew Day, its name may not be familiar to you, but it is likely that you have already tried it without knowing it.
This fruit known by different names throughout the world is a food that, in addition to being coveted for its delicious taste, provides multiple nutrients and benefits to those who consume it.
What is the cashew?
The cashew is the fruit from the plant of the same name. The cashew tree is a perennial with a dense and wide crown, which can reach heights of up to 20 meters.
The Anacardium occidentale L. It is native to the tropical zone of Brazil. It can be found from southern Mexico to Peru and Brazil, as well as in Cuba and Trinidad. It is also grown in India and Malaysia.
The tree produces a “false fruit” called the cashew apple, which is edible; however, the part of the fruit that is of food and economic importance is the seed that is found in the lower part of the apple.
The seed is known as cashews, a fruit that is consumed as a snack and is used as an ingredient in dishes in various regions of the world.
Properties of cashew
The cashew apple, despite being of less economic importance compared to the cashew nut, contains considerable amounts of vitamin C. For this reason they are consumed fresh as part of salads or juices, fermented and distilled drinks are also prepared from it.
The cashew nut contains a large amount of unsaturated fatty acids, which are essential for the body to produce substances that intervene in the regulation of blood pressure, kidney function, clotting or inflammation.
Within this seed there is also palmitoleic acid, which is responsible for keeping the skin and mucous membranes in good condition.
The cashew is a very complete food, because in a portion of only 100 grams provides 18 grams of protein, 44 grams of lipids and 30 grams of carbohydrates.
Various minerals can be found in the cashew, such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, magnesium, selenium, sodium and zinc, all of which are necessary for the proper functioning of the body.