How to understand “antibiotic resistance”. – To world

How to understand “Antibiotic Resistance”.

According to WHO, we need to understand antibiotic resistance as it is one of the most serious threats to global health.

Antibiotic resistance existed long before we started using antibiotics, with a frequency and excitement bordering on addiction today, as people take it at the first signs of illness

The same genes that modern bacteria carry today to protect themselves against these drugs were found in ancient bacteria that have been frozen in arctic soil for more than 30,000 years.

But since we started using antibiotics to treat any of our pathogenic threats (real or imagined), we’ve created the perfect conditions for developing resistant genes that are attractive to each of these bacteria.

Even the father of antibiotics, Alexander Fleming (who discovered penicillin) warned of the risks of spreading antibiotic resistance in 1946, arguing that public demand would lead to overuse of these antibiotics.

“The ignorant person tinkering with penicillin treatment is morally responsible for the death of the man who eventually succumbs to infection with the penicillin-resistant organism,” he told New York Times readers. “I hope the evil can be prevented.”

How bad is the situation?

Recall tuberculosis? Probably not; The next encounter with this terrible infection most of us had when we saw the elegant death of Satine (played by Nicole Kidman) in the film “Moulin Rouge”.

However, countries like India, China, Papua New Guinea and Russia have seen an alarming rise in antibiotic-resistant tuberculosis, known as “Ebola with wings”.

Thanks to the antibiotics isoniazid and rifampicin, Mycobacterium tuberculosis has largely disappeared from rich western countries (but never from the rest of the world).

But now it’s back. And it’s worse than ever!

TB is airborne and is easily spread by coughing or sneezing. Even with the best medical treatment, the chances of survival are around 50 percent.

In the United States, at least two million people develop a bacterial infection with antibiotic resistance each year. And more than 20,000 of them die from these infections.

Hospitals see bacteria like E-Coli, a common cause of gastroenteritis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a cause of sepsis and other potentially fatal and nasty diseases that are resistant to antibiotics.

Still not worried? Here’s another fact: many sexually transmitted infections are caused by bacteria. For example syphilis, gonorrhea or chlamydia. What if you get one of these antibiotic-resistant bacteria? Gonorrhea is already starting to become resistant to some antibiotics.

Why can’t we invent more antibiotics?

Seems simple enough, doesn’t it. Well, to put it simply, antibiotics just aren’t making enough money for the pharmaceutical industry, so they’re focusing their attention on other markets, like cancer. Antibiotic treatment can cost about $ 1,000, but chemotherapy to treat cancer can make tens of thousands of dollars.

According to the Infectious Diseases Study Association of America (IDSA), “Every single antibiotic we use today is derived from an antibiotic that was developed before 1984”.

How can we solve this problem?

First, stop taking antibiotics unnecessarily. They don’t solve all problems. In fact, every time we have the cold, taking it does us more harm than good. Not all infections need antibiotics, infections like ear and urinary tract infections don’t always need them.

Infections caused by viruses are also not cured by antibiotics. So when you have the flu, a simple acetaminophen and hot drink will help a lot more than any other pill. Antibiotic Resistance Is A Problem You Can Stop!

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